Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO)

Deepen defence cooperation between EU Member States

Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO)

Deepen defence cooperation between EU Member States


Essential Elements of European Escort (4E)

  • Coordinator
  • Project

The 4E Project aims to develop the most important systems of any surface combatant that may be built in Europe from 2035 to 2045 covering five areas: combat system, communication and information system, navigation system, platform management system and Integration of System of Systems. This time frame is set on behalf of the gathered experience for the development of any major naval program for shipbuilding. Nevertheless, during the development of these systems there will be intermediate baselines that could be implemented in the European escorts that see the light before the final results of the project.

The project is aligned with the Focus Area EPC2S and the initial identified systems range from Antisurface Missile Defence, Electromagnetic Weapons, Directed Energy Weapons, Combat Systems, Passive sensoring (including passive radars), Smart Damage Control Systems, C4ISTAR  Multi-Domain combat cloud & Edge and Fog Computing supported, with Cyberdefence and Cyberattack capability, and Advanced Communication Systems  above and under the water, Astronomical Navigation Systems independent from satellite, Efficient Energy and Propulsion Green systems on board with a common fuel for the EU fleet, and a layer for integration of every developed system to configure each ship class as a system of systems. However, it is important to remark that these systems are examples of common systems for future European escorts, but those selected and included in the 4E project will be finally agreed by all participant nations.




Air Power

Airborne Electronic Attack (AEA)

Anti-Torpedo Torpedo (ATT)

Arctic Command & Control Effector and Sensor System (ACCESS)

Armoured Infantry Fighting Vehicle / Amphibious Assault Vehicle / Light Armoured Vehicle (AIFV/AAV/LAV)

Automated Modelling, Identification and Damage Assessment of Urban Terrain (AMIDA-UT)

CBRN Defence Training Range (CBRNDTR)

Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) Surveillance as a Service (CBRN SaaS)

Common Hub for Governmental Imagery (CoHGI)

Counter Battery Sensors (CoBaS)

Counter Unmanned Aerial System (C-UAS)

Critical Seabed Infrastructure Protection (CSIP)

Cyber and Information Domain Coordination Center (CIDCC)

Cyber Ranges Federations (CRF)

Cyber Rapid Response Teams and Mutual Assistance in Cyber Security (CRRT)

Cyber Threats and Incident Response Information Sharing Platform (CTIRISP)

Defence of Space Assets (DoSA)

Deployable Military Disaster Relief Capability Package (DM-DRCP)

Deployable Modular Underwater Intervention Capability (DIVEPACK)

Electromagnetic Warfare Capability and Interoperability Programme for Future Joint Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (JISR)

Energy Operational Function (EOF)

Essential Elements of European Escort (4E)

EU Beyond Line Of Sight (BLOS) Land Battlefield Missile Systems (EU BLOS)

EU Collaborative Warfare Capabilities (ECoWAR)

EU Cyber Academia and Innovation Hub (EU CAIH)

EU Military Partnership (EU MilPart)

EU Radio Navigation Solution (EURAS)

EUFOR Crisis Response Operation Core

European Attack Helicopters TIGER Mark III

European Defence Airlift Training Academy (EDA-TA)

European Global RPAS Insertion Architecture System (GLORIA)

European High Atmosphere Airship Platform (EHAAP) – Persistent Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) Capability

European Medical Command (EMC)

European Medium Altitude Long Endurance Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems – MALE RPAS (Eurodrone)

European Military Space Surveillance Awareness Network (EU-SSA-N)

European Patrol Corvette (EPC)

European Secure Software defined Radio (ESSOR)

European Training Certification Centre for European Armies (ETCCEA)

European Union Network of Diving Centres (EUNDC)

Future Medium-size Tactical Cargo (FMTC)

Future Short-Range Air to Air Missile (FSRM)

Geo-meteorological and Oceanographic (GeoMETOC) Support Coordination Element (GMSCE)

Harbour and Maritime Surveillance and Protection

Helicopter Hot and High Training (H3 Training)

Integrated European Joint Training and simulation Centre (EUROSIM)

Integrated Multi-Layer Air and Missile Defence system (IMLAMD)

Integrated Unmanned Ground Systems 2 (iUGS2)

Integrated Unmanned Ground System (UGS)

Joint EU Intelligence School (JEIS)

Main Battle Tank Simulation and Testing Center (MBT-SIMTEC)

Maritime (semi) Autonomous Systems for Mine Countermeasures

Maritime Unmanned Anti-Submarine System (MUSAS)

Materials and components for technological EU competitiveness (MAC-EU)

Medium size Semi-Autonomous Surface Vehicle (M-SASV)

Military Mobility (MM)

Network of Logistic Hubs in Europe and Support to Operations (NetLogHubs)

Next Generation Medium Helicopter (NGMH)

Next Generation Small RPAS (NGSR)

One Deployable Special Operations Forces (SOF) Tactical Command and Control (C2) Command Post (CP) for Small Joint Operations (SJO) – (SOCC) for SJO

Robust Communication Infrastructure and Networks (ROCOMIN)


Rotorcraft Docking Station for Drones

Small Scalable Weapons (SSW)

Special Operations Forces Medical Training Centre (SMTC)

Strategic Air Transport for Outsized Cargo (SATOC)

Strategic C2 System for CSDP Missions and Operations (EUMILCOM)

Timely Warning and Interception with Space-based TheatER surveillance (TWISTER)

Upgrade of Maritime Surveillance (UMS)

ZZZ[CLOSED] Co-basing

ZZZ[CLOSED] EU Test and Evaluation Centres (EUTEC)

ZZZ[CLOSED] European Union Training Mission Competence Centre (EU TMCC)

ZZZ[CLOSED] Indirect Fire Support Capability (EuroArtillery)

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